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Finding Legal Help

You are not required to hire an attorney, but legal matters can be complicated. Consider talking to an attorney to go over your options. See the Finding Legal Help page for information about free and low cost ways to get legal help. 

Como encontrar ayuda legal

Usted no está obligado a contratar un abogado, pero los asuntos legales pueden ser complicados. Considere la posibilidad de hablar con un abogado para hablar de sus opciones. Para información sobre cómo obtener ayuda legal vea nuestra página Como encontrar ayuda legal.

Case Type Codes

 

Type of code: Case Type Codes | Party Type Codes

Comprehensive Case and Filing Types in Utah District Courts

Updated February 2022

General Civil Cases

Case Type Code

Case Type Title

Case Type Description

Case Type Code

AA

Case Type Title

Administrative Agency

Case Type Description

An appeal of a decision(s) made by state administrative agencies. (Utah Code 41-6a-521(6) et al.)

Case Type Code

AT

Case Type Title

Attorney Discipline

Case Type Description

A matter filed by the State Bar’s Office of Professional Conduct.

Case Type Code

AW

Case Type Title

Arbitration Award

Case Type Description

The terms of an award resulting from arbitration. (Utah Rules of Court-Annexed Alternative Dispute Resolution Rule 102)

Case Type Code

CR

Case Type Title

Civil Rights

Case Type Description

A civil action alleging deprivation of civil rights.

Case Type Code

CV

Case Type Title

Civil

Case Type Description

No longer in use after 2005. Originally included all civil cases.

Case Type Code

SK

Case Type Title

Civil Stalking

Case Type Description

A case filed to request an injunction to restrain the respondent from contact with the petitioner. (Utah Code 77-3a-101)

Case Type Code

CD

Case Type Title

Condemnation

Case Type Description

A case filed through which a governmental body exercises its right of "eminent domain" to acquire private property for public uses. (Utah Code 57-12-13).

Case Type Code

CT

Case Type Title

Contempt

Case Type Description

A case filed on the court's own motion due to lack of compliance with a court order. May involve a juror or witness who refuses to testify or obey a subpoena or an attorney who fails to appear at a court hearing.

Case Type Code

CE

Case Type Title

Contract: Employment Discrimination

Case Type Description

A case alleging the defendant/employer denied hiring, salary increases, or other forms of advancement based on the plaintiff/employee's race, gender, national origin, or sexual orientation. Also see case type Wrongful Termination.

Case Type Code

CF

Case Type Title

Contract: Fraud

Case Type Description

A case alleging the intentional misrepresentation of fact for the purpose of financial or legal gain.

Case Type Code

CN

Case Type Title

Contracts

Case Type Description

A case alleging a dispute over an agreement (express or implied) between two or more parties. Use when the action does not apply to another contract case type.

Case Type Code

DC

Case Type Title

Debt Collection

Case Type Description

A case in which the plaintiff/seller brings suit against a buyer of goods or services for failure to pay as promised in an expressed or implied contract.

Case Type Code

EV

Case Type Title

Eviction

Case Type Description

A case filed to remove a tenant from a rental property and recoup costs, or to gain occupancy of a property after being sold post-foreclosure. Also known as unlawful detainer. (Utah Code 78B-6-801 to 811)

Case Type Code

FP

Case Type Title

Forfeiture of Property

Case Type Description

A case filed to deprive a person of property involved in breaking a law. Typically filed on behalf of the state by a law enforcement agency. (Utah Code 24-1-4)

Case Type Code

IP

Case Type Title

Interpleader

Case Type Description

A case brought by a third party to have a court determine ownership rights of rival claimants to money or property held by the third party.

Case Type Code

IC

Case Type Title

Involuntary Commitment

Case Type Description

A case in which the court is asked to compel an individual to receive inpatient treatment for a mental health disorder against their will. (Utah Code 62A-15-631)

Case Type Code

IS

Case Type Title

Essential Treatment Intervention

Case Type Description

A case in which the court is asked to compel an individual to receive inpatient treatment for a mental health disorder against their will. (Utah Code 62A-15-1203)

Case Type Code

LM

Case Type Title

Lien/Mortgage Foreclosures

Case Type Description

A case in which a trustee deposits surplus money remaining after payment of the amount due on a mortgage, lien or an action to foreclose on property. (Utah Code 78B-6-904)

Case Type Code

MI

Case Type Title

Miscellaneous

Case Type Description

1) Use to file a Transfer of Structured Settlement Payments case.
2) Use ONLY when the action in the complaint does not apply to another case type.

Case Type Code

ND

Case Type Title

Notice of Out of State Deposition

Case Type Description

A subpoena to an out-of-state witness to appear at a deposition.

Case Type Code

RC

Case Type Title

Post Conviction Relief Capital

Case Type Description

An action in the district court of original jurisdiction to vacate or modify a conviction or sentence in a capital criminal case.

Case Type Code

RN

Case Type Title

Post Conviction Relief Non Capital

Case Type Description

An action in the district court of original jurisdiction to vacate or modify a conviction or sentence in a non-capital criminal case.

Case Type Code

RI

Case Type Title

Post Conviction Relief – Integrity Unit

Case Type Description

A petition for Post Conviction Relief filed by a prosecution agency. (Utah Code 78B-9-501)

Case Type Code

PR

Case Type Title

Property Rights

Case Type Description

A case involving disputes over the ownership, use, boundaries, or value of real property.

Case Type Code

RR

Case Type Title

Registry Removal

Case Type Description

A petition for removal from an administrative registry, such as the white collar crime registry  (Utah Code 77-42-108) or to remove a person who was adjudicated mentally incompetent from the registry preventing gun purchase.

Case Type Code

SC

Case Type Title

Small Claims

Case Type Description

A case filed to collect monies owed not exceeding $10,000. (Utah Code 78A-8-101 to 109)

Case Type Code

SD

Case Type Title

Small Claims denovo District

Case Type Description

An appeal of a small claims judgment ordered in a district court. After July 1, 2016, this case type is no longer in use.

Case Type Code

SG

Case Type Title

Small Claims Gov

Case Type Description

A case filed by a government agency to collect monies owed not exceeding $11,000. (Utah Code 78A-8-101 to 109)

Case Type Code

SH

Case Type Title

Sexual Harassment

Case Type Description

An action alleging Sexual Harassment.

Case Type Code

TP

Case Type Title

Tax Protest

Case Type Description

An action filed against the taxing entity to recover any tax paid under protest. (Utah Code 59-2-1327)

Case Type Code

UE

Case Type Title

Unsolicited Communication

Case Type Description

An action filed against a company who continually sends unwanted telephone solicitations. (Utah Code 13-25a-107)

Case Type Code

WA

Case Type Title

Water Rights

Case Type Description

A case initiated to resolve competing claims to water use. (Utah Code 73-4-1)

Case Type Code

WR

Case Type Title

Writs

Case Type Description

A written order commanding a party to perform or cease performing a specified act.

Case Type Code

WG

Case Type Title

Wrongful Lien

Case Type Description

A civil case alleging a person filed an intentional, improper lien against another. (Utah Code 38-9a-202)

Case Type Code

WT

Case Type Title

Wrongful Termination

Case Type Description

A civil case in which a former employee seeks damages from an employer for termination of employment. Also see case type Contract: Employment Discrimination.

Tort Cases

Case Type Code

Case Type Title

Case Type Description

Case Type Code

AS

Case Type Title

Asbestos

Case Type Description

A case alleging that injury is caused by the manufacturer or seller of ASBESTOS due to a defect in, or the condition of, the article sold or an alleged breach of duty to provide suitable instructions to prevent injury. Salt Lake City District Court only

Case Type Code

TA

Case Type Title

Automobile Tort

Case Type Description

A case involving personal injury, property damage, or wrongful death resulting from alleged negligent operation of a motor vehicle.

Case Type Code

TI

Case Type Title

Intentional Tort

Case Type Description

A case involving injury to property or person alleged to be willfully brought upon one party by another.

Case Type Code

MP

Case Type Title

Malpractice

Case Type Description

A case in which improper or negligent treatment of a patient by a physician resulting in injury, damage or loss is alleged. After July 1, 2016, this case type is no longer in use.

Case Type Code

MM

Case Type Title

Malpractice-Medical Tort

Case Type Description

A case alleging misconduct or negligence by a person in the medical profession acting in a professional capacity, such as doctors, nurses, physician's assistants, dentists, etc.

Case Type Code

ML

Case Type Title

Malpractice-Legal Tort; Other

Case Type Description

A case alleging misconduct or negligence by a non-medical professional.

Case Type Code

OU

Case Type Title

Assisted Outpatient Treatment

Case Type Description

A case filed in which the petitioner alleges an adult’s mental illness and need for outpatient treatment. (Utah Code 62A-15-630.5)

Case Type Code

PI

Case Type Title

Personal Injury

Case Type Description

A civil case in which the plaintiff asks for compensation for an injury sustained to their person. After July 1, 2016, this case type is no longer in use.

Case Type Code

PD

Case Type Title

Property Damage

Case Type Description

A tort case in which the plaintiff alleges the defendant carelessly damaged the plaintiff's property. After July 1, 2016, this case type is no longer in use.

Case Type Code

PL

Case Type Title

Premises Liability

Case Type Description

A case involving claims brought against the owner of real property, alleging the condition of the property to be the cause of personal injury.

Case Type Code

LP

Case Type Title

Product Liability (NOT Asbestos)

Case Type Description

A case alleging that injury is caused by the manufacturer or seller of an article due to a defect in, or the condition of, the article sold or an alleged breach of duty to provide suitable instructions to prevent injury.

Case Type Code

LB

Case Type Title

Slander/Libel/Defamation

Case Type Description

A case alleging harm to the reputation, community standing, or livelihood of the claimant caused by false or misleading statements made by the defendant.

Case Type Code

WD

Case Type Title

Wrongful Death

Case Type Description

A case alleging a death caused by the wrongful act or negligence of the defendant that serves as the basis for a civil action for damages on behalf of the decedent's heirs. After July 1, 2016, this case type is no longer in use.

Judgment Related Filings

Case Type Code

Case Type Title

Case Type Description

Case Type Code

AJ

Case Type Title

Abstract of Judgment

Case Type Description

A summary of a judgment which creates a public record in the county in which the abstract of judgment is recorded. (Utah Code 78B-5-202)

Case Type Code

FC

Case Type Title

Foreign Country Judgment

Case Type Description

A petition to recognize a foreign-country judgment. (Utah Code 78B-5-450)

Case Type Code

FJ

Case Type Title

Foreign Judgment

Case Type Description

A judgment, decree or order from another court filed for enforcement in Utah. (Utah Code 78B-5-302)

Case Type Code

HL

Case Type Title

Hospital Lien

Case Type Description

A lien filed by a hospital to recover the costs of emergency and other medical services.

Case Type Code

JC

Case Type Title

Judgment by Confession

Case Type Description

A judgment entered through a verified statement by the judgment debtor stating the claim and that the sum confessed is justly due or to become due. (Utah Code 78B-5-205)

Case Type Code

SL

Case Type Title

Child Support Lien

Case Type Description

A lien filed by the State Office of Recovery Services for Child Support.

Case Type Code

TL

Case Type Title

Tax Lien

Case Type Description

A lien filed by the State Tax Commission for delinquent state taxes.

Case Type Code

WL

Case Type Title

Workforce Services Lien

Case Type Description

A lien filed by the State Department of Workforce Services for unpaid Unemployment Insurance or repayment of benefits overpaid.

Probate Cases

Case Type Code

Case Type Title

Case Type Description

Case Type Code

AD

Case Type Title

Adoption

Case Type Description

A case filed to petition the court to make an adult the legal parent of someone who is not his or her biological child.

Case Type Code

CO

Case Type Title

Conservatorship

Case Type Description

A case filed to request the appointment of a person to manage the property, daily affairs, and financial affairs of another person.

Case Type Code

ES

Case Type Title

Estate Personal Representative

Case Type Description

An application for appointment of a personal representative in a probate case. (Utah Code 75-3-301 & 401)

Case Type Code

GA

Case Type Title

Gestational Agreement

Case Type Description

A case filed to validate a gestational agreement. (Utah Code 78B-15-902)

Case Type Code

GM

Case Type Title

Guardian - Minor

Case Type Description

A case filed to request the appointment of a person to provide care and management of a minor. (Utah Code 75-5-201)

Case Type Code

GT

Case Type Title

Guardian - Adult

Case Type Description

A case filed to request the appointment of a person to provide care and management of a person who due to age or some incapacitation is incapable of their own care.

Case Type Code

GB

Case Type Title

Guardian - Adult Child

Case Type Description

A case filed by a parent of a disabled adult child to request their appointment as a person to provide care and management for that child. (Utah Code 75-5-301)

Case Type Code

GU

Case Type Title

Guardianship

Case Type Description

A case filed to request the appointment of a person to provide the care and management of a person who due to age or some incapacitation is incapable of their own care. After July 1, 2016, this case type is no longer in use.

Case Type Code

MN

Case Type Title

Minor's Settlement

Case Type Description

A case in which a judgment is granted to a minor and is put in a trust account controlled by a guardian.

Case Type Code

NC

Case Type Title

Name Change

Case Type Description

A case in which the petitioner seeks a court order to change one's name.

Case Type Code

OT

Case Type Title

Other Probate

Case Type Description

A probate case, used when the action in the petition does not apply to another probate case type.

Case Type Code

SU

Case Type Title

Supervised Administration

Case Type Description

An action in which the personal representative requests court approval before taking actions or making distributions from an estate without a court order.

Case Type Code

TR

Case Type Title

Trust

Case Type Description

A probate case related to administration of a trust.

Domestic Relations Cases

Case Type Code

Case Type Title

Case Type Description

Case Type Code

AO

Case Type Title

ORS Administrative Child Support Order

Case Type Description

A case filed by the Office of Recovery Services for registering an administrative support order.

Case Type Code

CL

Case Type Title

Adjudication of Marriage

Case Type Description

A case filed to request the court to recognize a relationship as a legal marriage without benefit of a civil marriage. (Often referred to as “Common Law”) Typically filed prior to a divorce or probate matter.

Case Type Code

CS

Case Type Title

Custody and Support

Case Type Description

A domestic case filed to resolve custody and support issues.

Case Type Code

DA

Case Type Title

Divorce/Annulment

Case Type Description

A case filed to dissolve a marriage and address issues including child custody support visitation, property division and others as appropriate. (Utah Code 30-3-1)

Case Type Code

GV

Case Type Title

Grandparent Visitation

Case Type Description

A case filed to request the legal right to court-ordered visitation or access to grandchildren. (Utah Code 30-5-2)

Case Type Code

PA

Case Type Title

Paternity

Case Type Description

A domestic case in which the parentage, typically the paternity, of a child is established. (Utah Code 78B-14-402)

Case Type Code

PO

Case Type Title

Protective Order

Case Type Description

A case filed to request a civil order of protection. (Utah Code 78B-7-103)

Case Type Code

SM

Case Type Title

Separate Maintenance

Case Type Description

A case filed to request support for one married person by the other married person if they are no longer living as husband and wife. (Utah Code 30-4-1)

Case Type Code

TS

Case Type Title

Temporary Separation

Case Type Description

An action for a temporary separation order without filing a petition for divorce. Orders are valid for one year after the date of the hearing unless a petition for divorce is filed or the case is dismissed. (Utah Code 30-3-4.50)

Case Type Code

UC

Case Type Title

UCCJEA Child Custody Jurisdiction

Case Type Description

A case in which jurisdiction is determined on a child custody order when parents are in different jurisdictions. Typically filed for enforcement purposes. (Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act) (Utah Code 78B-13-101)

Case Type Code

UF

Case Type Title

UIFSA

Case Type Description

Registration of a child support or alimony court order from another state for enforcement purposes. (Uniform Interstate Family Support Act) (Utah Code 78B-14-101)

Appeals

Case Type Code

Case Type Title

Case Type Description

Case Type Code

ST

Case Type Title

Small Claims Trial De Novo

Case Type Description

An appeal of a small claims judgment ordered in a justice court.

Case Type Code

TX

Case Type Title

Tax Court

Case Type Description

An appeal of a Utah State Tax Commission decision.

Criminal Cases and Actions

Case Type Code

Case Type Title

Case Type Description

Case Type Code

FS

Case Type Title

State Felony

Case Type Description

A crime punishable by a fine and/or confinement in the Utah State Prison system. (Utah Code 76-3-103)

Case Type Code

MD

Case Type Title

Misdemeanor DUI

Case Type Description

A violation of Utah driving under the influence statutes punishable by a fine and/or confinement in a local jail, but not by imprisonment in the Utah State prison system. (Utah Code 76-3-104)

Case Type Code

MO

Case Type Title

Other Misdemeanor

Case Type Description

A crime punishable by a fine and/or confinement in a local jail, but not by imprisonment in the Utah State prison system. (Excludes misdemeanor violations of DUI statutes.) (Utah Code 76-3-104)

Case Type Code

IF

Case Type Title

Infraction

Case Type Description

A violation of a statute, local ordinance or regulation punishable by a fine, but not of confinement or imprisonment. (Utah Code 76-3-105)

Case Type Code

NA

Case Type Title

No Applicable Severity

Case Type Description

Criminal administrative actions including:

  • Administrative Checkpoint filings (Utah Code 77-23-104);
  • Bond to Restrain Violation/Warrant of Commitment (Utah Code 77-3-8);
  • Criminal Investigation, requesting approval to conduct a criminal investigation for the purpose of identifying a criminal activity. (Utah Code 77-22-2);
  • Demand for Forfeiture of Property (Utah Code 24-4-105)
  • Expungement only when no case exists at the court or an arrest only case (Utah Code 77-40-103)
  • Extradition for Crime Committed in Another State While in Utah (Utah Code 77-30-6)
  • Fugitive from Justice - Warrant of Arrest (Utah Code 77-30-13)
  • Hearing de Novo (Utah Code 78A-7-118)
  • Jail Release Court Order (Utah Code 77-36-2.6)
  • Material Witness Warrant (Utah Code 77-21-1)
  • Pen Register or Trap and Trace Device Request (Utah Code 77-23A-15)

Traffic and Parking Cases

Case Type Code

Case Type Title

Case Type Description

Case Type Code

PN

Case Type Title

Parking Citation

Case Type Description

A case in which a parking citation is resolved.

Case Type Code

PC

Case Type Title

Parking Court Case

Case Type Description

A case in which a parking citation is contested and resolved.

Case Type Code

TN

Case Type Title

Traffic Citation

Case Type Description

A violation related to the operation of a motor vehicle, usually punishable by bail.

Case Type Code

TC

Case Type Title

Traffic Court Case

Case Type Description

A case generated out of a citation related to the operation of a motor vehicle or in which the defendant contests the citation and a hearing is set, or the defendant fails to appear and a warrant is issued.

The Utah State Courts mission is to provide the people an open, fair, efficient, and independent system for the advancement of justice under the law.

Page Last Modified: 2/15/2022

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